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Censored by Nguyen Tuan Kiet, General News Editor
An Oil Sentence for Birds
Edited by Vo Nhat Giang Thanh - Monday, Jun 07, 2010
An oil soaked Brown Pelican off

(Reuters) -An oil soaked Brown Pelican off Queen Bess Island in Louisiana. As the oil spill hits day 47, the crisis is increasingly taking a toll on wildlife. On Friday the government reported that 527 dead birds were collected dead over the past 45-days along the Gulf Coast, although not all of those birds showed signs of oil.

Of particular concern, is the brown pelican, which was only removed from the endangered species list last year. Queen Bess Island is one of three sites in Louisiana where the brown pelican had been reintroduced.

BP's latest effort to stem the flow, has shown signs of improvement, but the collection rate is still only about one-third of one day's flow from well, which has been estimated by the government at about 19,000 barrels per day. BP does not expect to fully halt the oil flow until August, when two relief wells are due to be completed.

Now the oil slick unleashed after a Deepwater Horizon rig exploded on April 20, killing 11 workers is landing in places like Bess Island, where some fear what was once a kind of sanctuary for wild life will turn into a death trap.

1. soaked /
səʊkt/ (v) to make somebody/something completely wet: thấm vào, ngấm qua

  • oil-soaked birds: những con chim bị dính váng dầu
  • to soak through: thấm qua
  • to completely soaked with oil: bị dầu phủ kín  

2. Brown Pelican /ˈbraun 'pelɪkən/ (n) a large bird that lives near water, with a bag of skin under its long beak for storing food: con bồ nông

3. spill /spɪl/ (n) an act of letting a liquid come or fall out of a container; the amount of liquid that comes or falls out: sự tràn ra, sự đổ ra

  • Many seabirds died as a result of the oil spill. Nhiều con chim biển chết do hậu quả của sự cố tràn dầu.
  • a petrol / gasoline spill: sự tràn xăng
  • oil spill clean-up operation: công tác làm sạch dầu tràn
  • the government's response to the spill: sự ứng phó của chính phủ trước sự cố tràn (dầu)

4. endangered /ɪnˈdeɪndʒə(r)/ (v) to put somebody/something in a situation in which they could be harmed or damaged: gây nguy hiểm

  • an endangered species: một loài có nguy cơ tuyệt chủng
  • Wildlife habitats is being endangered by the oil spill. Dầu tràn gây hại đến đời sống hoang dã.
  • to be highly endangered: có nguy cơ bị tuyệt chủng cao
  • an endangered species protection: hoạt động bảo vệ những loài có nguy cơ bị tuyệt chủng

5. halt /hɔːlt/ (v) to stop; to make somebody/something stop: (làm cho ai/cái gì) dừng, ngưng tạm thời

  • to fail to halt the loss of the oil spill: thông thể dừng sự tổn thất của sự cố tràn dầu

6. sanctuary /ˈsæŋktʃuəri/ (n) an area where wild birds or animals are protected and encouraged to breed: khu bảo tồn

  • a bird sanctuary: khu bảo tồn chim
  • a wildlife sanctuary: khu bảo tồn động vật hoang dã
     
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